House Sparrow – Passer domesticus

The noisy and gregarious House Sparrow is the most familiar of the British birds, found in areas inhabited by people, to take advantage of household rubbish and waste. It is resident across the whole of the UK but thinly distributed in upland areas and parts of the Scottish Highlands.

Identification

Male: Male House Sparrows have a streaked brown and black upper body, a chocolate nape and a grey crown, with a wide black bib across the breast.
Female: Buff and brown streaked back, prominent pale eyebrows and a double wing bar is seen on the females. They lack the black bib seen on the male.
Size: 14—15.5cm.
Bill: Brown, short and stubby.
Legs: Pink, medium in length.
Habitat: Gardens, woodlands, hedges, heaths, marshes, sea cliffs and estuaries.
Behaviour: Flits, perches openly, takes off/lands from vegetation or ground.
Flocking: 1-25.
Flight: Direct.
Voice: Chirrups, and various twittering.

Breeding

Nest: Preference for holes in buildings, but will use bushes and trees.
Eggs: 3—5. Grey with dark grey blotches.
Incubation period: 11—14 days.
Fledgeling: 15 days.
Broods: 3. April—June.
Food: Seeds, insects, bread.
UK breeding pairs: 2.8—4.9 million.

Suggested feed

Countrywide Hi Energy Wild Bird Feed, Countrywide Dried Mealworms.

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