Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis

The Kingfisher is an exotic, jewel-coloured bird, found by small rivers and streams in the UK. Widespread in central and southern England, but less commonly seen in the north and in Scotland. They can be seen flying low over the water and diving, head first, for fish.

Identification

Adult: A small, fast-moving and brightly-coloured bird, the Kingfisher’s upper body is bright blue-green, with a vivid blue rump. Their underparts are bright orange-red in colour. Its crown is blue, barred with black, as are its wings. It has a white throat and nape.
Size: 15—16cm.
Bill: Black, straight and thin.
Legs: Red, short length.
Habitat: Freshwater sources, such as small, slow-moving rivers/streams. Moves to larger rivers and marshes when food is scarce.
Behaviour: Dives from the air, flies low over water, perches openly, takes off/lands from vegetation.
Flocking: Solitary.
Flight: Direct, aerial dive.
Voice: Metallic chee, chee-kee, rapidly repeated.

Breeding

Nest: Holes in river/stream banks.
Eggs: 6—7. White.
Incubation period: 19—21 days.
Fledgeling: 23—27 days.
Broods: 2. April—June.
Food: Small fish and insects.
UK breeding pairs: 3,600—6,000.

Suggested feed

Countrywide Dried Mealworms, Suet Filled Coconut.

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