The Nightingale is a fabulous songster and more frequently heard than seen throughout the day and night. They are secretive birds that breed mostly south of the Severn-Wash line and east from Dorset to Kent, with highest numbers found in Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Kent and Sussex.
Arriving in April, Nightingales sing until late May to early June, then leave again around July/August time.
Adult: A warm-brown crown and upperparts merge with creamy underparts and a characteristic, rust-red, long and rounded tail.
Juvenile: Paler upper and lower body with scaly markings.
Bill: Brown, short and pointed.
Legs: Grey, medium length.
Habitat: Heaths, woodlands, impenetrable bushes and thickets.
Behaviour: Skulks, flits, takes off/lands from vegetation.
Voice: Long song of liquid trills, with peeoo notes at the beginning and harsh tack and whooeet notes.
Nest: Well-hidden, close to the ground.
Eggs: 4—5. Mottled Red.
Incubation period: 13—14 days.
Fledgeling: 11—12 days.
Broods: 1. May—June.
UK breeding pairs: 10,000.
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